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About Journal

The journal is published by two issues a year. It is A scientific journal which deals with Topics concerned with the humanitarian, scientific and engineering subjects
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Journal Information

Publisher: AlMamon University College

Email:  ACJ@almamonuc.edu.iq

Editor-in-chief: Professor Dr. Abdul-Jaleel A. Omran

ISSN: 1992-4453

Doctor Civil Liability of missing opportunity (A Comparative Legal study)

Al-Ma'mon College Journal, In Press

The idea of missed opportunity is a clear example of the integration of luck in the legal field, Opportunity depends on luck, which is beyond the will of individuals and their expectations, that is there is a possibility that may occur or. It is known that there are a lot of facts not subject to the man’s control and opportunity begins when human capacity stop working. Missing the apportunity is a recurrent event in the medical field, especially in healing. If a doctor taky a wrong decision then chance of the patient (the injured) has the responsibility of a doctor, and then the right of injured person to seek compensation for the missed opportunity, and the law does not stand idle in front of this case but treats with all the stuff and exhibits all the possible ways and means, which calls for justice and fairness for the injured person, as though partially offset be no all the missed opportunity not to the outcome of the direct result of the missed opportunity, no other words miss the opportunity itself is harmful investigator requires compensation.

The Influence of Website-Based Dictionaries on EFL Learners' Vocabulary Building

Zainab Abbas Naji Al-Timimi

Al-Ma'mon College Journal, In Press

The aim of the current study is to examine the effectiveness of using dictionaries which operate based on the internet to measure their effects on learners' vocabulary development and growth. Forty-four female students were selected by the researcher as a sample of the study among 86 total number of the students at Al-Mansour Preparatory Girl School during the second course of the academic year 2016/2017. SPSS software was used by the researcher to measure effects and changes in students' scores after conducting the new experiment. Results showed that the experimental group learners performed better than the control group in the vocabulary test. The experimental group gained higher score than the control group. The experimental group learners confessed that the process of vocabulary learning became easier with online dictionaries than with the traditional ones. They also stated that they were able to know, memorize, and use many words after using online dictionaries.

Performance Evaluation and Comparison of High Voltage Insulators under Different Working Conditions

Koasay Abdul Sattar; Jabbar Qasim Fahad

Al-Ma'mon College Journal, In Press

Outdoor insulators (porcelain anti-fog disc, porcelain aerodynamic rod, epoxy–resin post) have been tested in the laboratory to study their insulating performance in clean, dry and polluted conditions, under the effect of transient and 50Hz A.C voltage. Such voltages are assumed to simulate lightning and switching over voltages, as well as normal operating voltage.
Experimental results show that the 50% negative impulse flashover voltage is always higher than positive. Furthermore, the positive switching impulse flashover values are nearly the same for dry and wet conditions, while the influence of rain is much more significant on negative polarity. Generally, rain tends to smooth the difference between the 50% negative and positive impulse flashover voltages.

The analysis and simulation of an Open Cycle Absorption Cooling / Dehumidification System Using Plastic Plate Absorber

Eman Abood Salih

Al-Ma'mon College Journal, In Press

The work done in this paper presents the analysis and performance of cooling / dehumidification system using an absorber in the form of across flow plastic heat exchanger (PPHE).
A mathematical model for the system is used, the system consists of a (PPHE) as an absorber, open type regenerator and two heat exchangers. The model used the test result of the (PPHE) absorber and Triethylene glycol (TEG) solution as desiccant. The effect of a number of parameters are investigated like the supply air and TEG flow rates on the supply air temperature, the regenerator area and system C.O.P.
The results show that the PPHE can be used to an efficient absorber in cooling dehumidification system. Also this absorber gives a good results compared with plate type and we can use the solar energy to regenerate the desiccant solution

Widely Tunable Profile Gain Raman Pump Based Multiwavelength Brillouin Fiber Laser

B. A. Ahmad

Al-Ma'mon College Journal, In Press

In this study, high input pump power Raman pump (RP) based multiwavelength Brillouin fiber laser with single Brillouin spacing lines were demonstrated at the room temperature. A simple ring cavity with a highly nonlinear fiber was used as the Brillouin gain medium (BGM) and a 3-dB coupler was employed for distinction of a single spacing (odd-ordered) Brillouin frequency shift Stokes signal. The results indicate that at Brillouin pump (BP) power of 8 dBm and RP power of 900 mW, 130 lines of single spacing comb lines were produced with a channel wavelength spacing of 0.0782 nm, at the BGM length of 2km. Moreover, the number of lines reduced as the RP power and the BGM length were reduced. It is also revealed that the BFL can be widely tuned in C and L-band range within wavelength region from 1550nm to 1620nm.

Improved Mobile Wimax Management and Mobile Internet

Hayder Hassan Mohammed; Mohammed Husien Khalel

Al-Ma'mon College Journal, In Press

To improve a handover for mobile WiMAX, this paper proposed the utility of Fast Intra-Network and Cross layer Handover (FINCH) protocol for intra domain of mobile management. It is considered a complement protocol to Mobile internet protocol (MIP) for inter domain of mobile management in WiMAX . The proposed protocol can reduce the handover problems and overflow of all MIP drawbacks, its also supports fast handover and reduce the delay time for delivery packets. FINCH is also utilize to save energy for mobile communication and it is appropriate for real-time services in iterative handover, as well as, it is a generic protocol for other IEEE 802-series standards. For this reasons it is working for heterogeneous network , for example ,WiMAX and WiFi networks

Evaluation of Human Voice Biometrics and Frog Bioacoustics Identification Systems Based on Feature Extraction Method and Classifiers

Aws Saad Shawkat

Al-Ma'mon College Journal, In Press

Biometrics is defined as the science of recognizing human by using their personal biological characteristics, for example voice, fingerprint and signature. Biometrics approach has then been implemented for recognizing animal for the purpose of biological and ecological research and development. Due to the research on animal based recognition is still in infancy, so in this study, the evaluation on the effectiveness of the audio based biometric system approach to the bioacoustics identification system is experimented. Bioacoustics based on frog call in order to identify the frog species is employed in this study. Consequently, the well-known features used in audio based biometric system i.e. Mel-frequency Cepstral Coefficients (MFCC) is experimented as features for the frog bioacoustics based identification system. For the classification process, performances of Support Vector Machine (SVM), k-Nearest Neighbor (k-NN), Local Mean k Nearest Neighbor (LMkNN) and Fuzzy k-NN (FkNN) classifiers have been compared in this study. The performances of the biometric system and the frog bioacoustics system based on the proposed classifiers are evaluated. The best performance has been observed using FkNN classifier with the accuracy of 97% for the frog bioacoustics identification system and 93.38% for the biometric speaker identification system with 20 training data.

Gender Classification based on Audio Features

Nidaa F. Hassan; Sarah Qusay Selah Alden

Al-Ma'mon College Journal, In Press

Gender audio classification is considered one of the most significant methods in audio processing. In this paper, an algorithm involving audio features (mean, standard deviation, zero crossing, Amplitude) and Support Vector Machine (SVM) is presented to perform speaker gender recognition. For each audio, the highlights vector is utilized as an info vector in the SVM algorithm. An example of 2270 audio, include 1132 female audio with 1138 male audio is analyzed based on this algorithm. With only the four features, the average prediction error is 5%.

Design Of Linear Phase Band Pass Finite Impulse Response Filter Based On Modified Particle Swarm Optimization Algorithm

Nibras Othman Abdul Wahid; Ali Adil Ali; Ali Subhi Abbod

Al-Ma'mon College Journal, In Press

Digital filters are elementary elements of Digital Signal Processing (DSP) scheme since they are extensively employed in numerous DSP applications. Finite Impulse Response (FIR) digital filter design has multiple factor optimizing, in which the current optimizing method does not work proficiently.
Swarm intelligence is a technique that forms the population of interrelated suitable agents or swarms for self-organization. A Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) that stands for a populating and optimizing scheme with adaptively nonlinear functions in multidimensional space is a distinctive model of a swarm system.
The goal of this study is to explain a scheme of designing Linear Phase FIR filter based on an improved PSO algorithm called Modified Particle Swarm Optimization (MPSO). The simulated outcomes of this paper demonstrate that the MPSO method is finer than the conformist Genetic Algorithm (GA) in addition to the standard PSO algorithm with extra fast convergence rate and superior performance of the designed 30th order band pass FIR filter.
The FIR filter design by means of MPSO Algorithm is simulated using MATLAB programming language version 7.14.0.739 (R2012a).

The Intelligent SDSS Mobile Application to Find the Closest Hospital Using the Improved Dijkstra Algorithm with GIS and GPS

Dena Kadhim Muhsen; Rihab Flaih Hassan

Al-Ma'mon College Journal, In Press

Spatial decision support system (SDSS) became very important in our daily lives for its assist in the development of decision techniques based on Geographic Information System (GIS). Government, business and consumer decision makers increasingly depend on geospatial data to make crucial decisions. The current study presents a proposed intelligent SDSS mobile application for health services through integrating between two technologies, Artificial Intelligence technology by developing improved Dijkstra algorithm and the geographic information system technology. The application assists to find the nearest hospital from user location, shortest path to this health facility, time, distance, all hospital information related (like hospital name, contact number, e-mail, and specialization), and alert in case of congestions or closing in roads. It is helpful in terms of reducing transition time, effort, and cost. Android mobile's application is considered as a guide for users toward correct decisions to reach hospitals types (general, gynecology, or special) in Karada region from many locations within Baghdad city.

Urinary Tract Infection as a Health Problem among Pregnant Women in Baghdad AL Sadder City

Shatha Ahmed Mohammed Ali; Kareem Ghadhban Sajem

Al-Ma'mon College Journal, In Press

Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) during pregnancy are among the most common health problems worldwide afflicting many women in their reproductive years especially in developing countries. Due to several anatomical and hormonal changes pregnant women are more susceptible to develop UTIs.
A cross-sectional study that was carried out on 170 pregnant women infected by the disease and referred to antenatal clinic at five primary health care centers in al-sadder City and the outpatient visitors to (Ibn AL-Baldi maternity and children's hospitals), for the periad from 1st December 2015 to the 1st March 2016. Data were collected through a questionnaire, repeated urine analyses and recording of outcome of pregnancy.
The study revealed that maternal age, education status, and occupation had been significantly associated with developing the UTI. More than Half of pregnant women (61.1%) were multiparous, (54.8%) were at 3rd trimester of gestational age, and this had significant differences with development of the disease. Personal hygienic practice of pregnant women with UTI showed that there is a high significant difference with the development of the disease. About one third of pregnant women (37.1%) had previous UTI considered with previous catheterization and diabetes mellitus as risk factors and had a significant differences with development of the disease. As a conclusion all pregnant women should be screened for UTI with a urine culture, treated with antibiotics if the culture is positive and then retested for cure. The goal of early diagnosis and treatment during pregnancy is to prevent complications with all the added benefits to the mother and the Fetus.

Using Halan stone as a Preproduction Unloaded Wall Instead of Bricks 120 mm

Atif A. Hasan

Al-Ma'mon College Journal, In Press

To reduce using the brick as a unloaded walls in frame building by using Halan stone (Limestone) as a natural stone to preproduction walls and is assemble in working area. The suggestive wall is consist from a double stone, the first one (450x1000x100)mm as 2 parts, the second one (150x 1000x50)mm as 2 parts, and arrangement parts by roller bolts as a hollow box used to put insulating materials and covered by decoration plastic hollow sheet to form the external finishing material, and used gypsum 3 mm as the internal finishing material, therefore, the total wall thickness is 157 mm.
The researcher build (1x1x2)m room sample, in third story in building (Baghdad city– Latitude 33.2º North),and (1x2)m testing wall to east orientation, while the other surfaces were insulated by 200 mm styropor sheets and using Air – Conditioner 0.5 ton of refrigeration to afford the standard thermal comfort, and measured the walls & air temperatures for 15 hr/day for summer season (May to September) .
The researcher found that , the suggestive wall saved 63% electrical energy for cooling purpose and also decreasing wall weight by 30% but increasing cost by 20 % when comparison with common brick wall.

The Effects of Managerial Developments on the Islamic Financial State : A Comparative Historical Study

Wafaa Adnan Hameed

Al-Ma'mon College Journal, In Press

Bait Al-Mal is the most important financial institution of the Islamic State. It is an Islamic term used to refer to the place where the financial affairs of the state were controlled and organized . It was established at an early stage of the emergence of the Islamic State.
The chief aim of establishing such an important place was to safeguard the money that the Islamic State received to be distributed to the Muslims who deserved it.
The head quarlers of Bait Al-Mal was in the capital of the Islamic State and it had branches in all regions of the Islamic State . The main duty of these branches was to collect money and distribute it to those who deserve it and after having covered all the expenses , the branches keep the extra money at the local branch waiting to be sent to the main Bait Al-Mal in the capital of the Islamic State.

The Impact of the Law of Investment in the Consolidation of the Ottoman Influence in the Arab World

Yasin Taha Dhahir

Al-Ma'mon College Journal, In Press

The Ottoman Empire had found that the most prominent means through which it could strengthen its power and maintain its States, including the Arab world, was to encourage foreign European investment in rail projects so that they could bring a lot of benefits.
The Ottoman Empire also issued several reform legislations. But when it was involved in numerous debts, its destiny and that of the Arab world was linked to the political schemes of foreign governments. These investments became a prelude to the consolidation of foreign colonialism.

Improved Mobile Wimax Management and Mobile Internet

Hayder Hassan Mohammed; Mohammed Husien Khalel

Al-Ma'mon College Journal, In Press

To improve a handover for mobile WiMAX, this paper proposed the utility of Fast Intra-Network and Cross layer Handover (FINCH) protocol for intra domain of mobile management. It is considered a complement protocol to Mobile internet protocol (MIP) for inter domain of mobile management in WiMAX . The proposed protocol can reduce the handover problems and overflow of all MIP drawbacks, its also supports fast handover and reduce the delay time for delivery packets. FINCH is also utilize to save energy for mobile communication and it is appropriate for real-time services in iterative handover, as well as, it is a generic protocol for other IEEE 802-series standards. For this reasons it is working for heterogeneous network , for example ,WiMAX and WiFi networks

Assessment Of Anemia Among Female Students Attending Primary Health Center of Kirkuk

Al-Ma'mon College Journal, In Press

Anemia is still a public health problem in all developing countries and it is regarded as a an important reason for high morbidity and mortality all over the world .
The study was aimed to assess the anemia among female students attending the primary health center .
Methods : A descriptive cross- sectional study was carried out in primary health center
( PHC) fo Kirkuk Technical Institute during the period from 1st February/ 2015 till the end of June 2015 after receiving official permission and a written consent was taken from each student before establishing the study .
Different female students from all scientific departments of 1st and 2nd stages participated in the study . Seventy female students were selected randomly during their attendance to the PHC and a hemoglobin level was estimated .
The results show that most of the study students are from second stage (47- 67.1%), living inside Kirkuk city (90%) aged between 18-20 (52- 74.2%) and they visited PHC for being ill (33- 47.1%) .
The study indicated that (10- 43.5 %) of female students from first stage are complaining from mild anemia while (20- 42.5%) of second stage students having a moderate anemia .
The study recommended that the government can provide iron-rich and nutritious foods for all residential students in their daily diets .

The Effects of Managerial Developments on the Islamic Financial State : A Comparative Historical Study

Wafaa Adnan Hameed

Al-Ma'mon College Journal, In Press

Bait Al-Mal is the most important financial institution of the Islamic State. It is an Islamic term used to refer to the place where the financial affairs of the state were controlled and organized . It was established at an early stage of the emergence of the Islamic State.
The chief aim of establishing such an important place was to safeguard the money that the Islamic State received to be distributed to the Muslims who deserved it.
The head quarlers of Bait Al-Mal was in the capital of the Islamic State and it had branches in all regions of the Islamic State . The main duty of these branches was to collect money and distribute it to those who deserve it and after having covered all the expenses , the branches keep the extra money at the local branch waiting to be sent to the main Bait Al-Mal in the capital of the Islamic State.

The Geography of Elections between Theory and Practice:Turkey as a Case Study

Kaleb Naser ALsaadyn; Qasim Nseaf Gaseem

Al-Ma'mon College Journal, In Press

Political geography nowadays is not only performing the function and task of studying and displaying a State's geographic problems with all the political, economic and social fields at the regional and international levels, but has also become responsible for aiding and providing the decision maker in the State with the intellectual potentialities to enable him to draw the typical strategic orientations of the State, the government and its leading institutions with all their characteristics. Thus, political geography gives the decision maker the capacity to draw the strategy with all its aspects and domains through providing him with the State's natural and human data.
Accordingly, political geography fixes the issue of various political activities made by the State, its executive and legislative institutions and its population, including the elections process with all its types for the purpose of enabling the decision maker identify the regional and spatial differences in the electoral behavior of the State's population which is obvious by the voting behavior of the population and the political parties.
The elections process has its geographic dimensions and interpretations; therefore, the political geography took care of it and consequently a field affiliated to the political geography known as the election geography emerged which has its philosophy and methods in the geographic research in the fields of the elections process. The researcher has studied the election intellectual (theoretical) and practical (applied) fields. He also applied the concepts of election geography to the parliamentary elections in Turkey and their role in building the Turkish State and Government.

Disclosure E-Mail of Phishing Website

Ahmed Hashim Mohammed

Al-Ma'mon College Journal, In Press

Phishing (pronounced “Fishing”) is an online fraud technique used by criminals to entice client to disclose his personal information and its emergence in online communications media allows scammers to reach more people than ever before and at a lower cost, whether through spam, e-mail , instant message scams , faked Web pages or other online avenues for stealing personal finances. To disclose an
e-mail of phishing website, three levels have been proposed. The first level where a user assigns static password that embed with all legitimate emailing in the title of message . The second level is to summarize the last visited history to websites and in the third level its server requests a login color from the user without any other requests of confidential information.
In contrast to other proposals, this scheme places a very low burden on the user in terms of effort, memory and time. It also places a high burden of effort on an attacker to spoof personalized security indicators, antiphish is implemented as a client-server by html, php, mysql database, and apachserver.

Isolation And Identification Of Opportunistic Fungi Associated with Wounds Of Burned Patients

Abdul-Ridha T. Sarhan; Zahra R. Jalel

Al-Ma'mon College Journal, In Press

The study was initiated to detect the fungi associated with the wounds of burned patients. The ages of patients were ranged from 3 months to 70 years. Results showed that 110 specimens ( 73.33 % ) were recorded as fungal infections. It was found that 12 species of opportunistic fungi belong to 8 genera. The predominant genus, isolated from wounds, was Aspergillus which is found in 55 specimens ( 36.82 % ) , followed by the genus Candida in 43 specimens ( 28.91 % ). The highest percentage of fungal infection appeared in burned patients belonged to age group of 3 months - 9 years (92.61 %) and to age group of 60-74 years(98.22 %) as compared to other ages. It was also noted that fungal infections were highest in warm months(in May 40.22 % ), while in cool months were the lowest percentage ( 15.37 % ). The number of male infections were 71 ( 64.54 % ) ، while the number of female infections were 39 ( 35.45 % ).

Design and Implementation of a Smart House System Based on Global System Mobile Communication by using Microcontroller

Hayder Hassan Mohammed

Al-Ma'mon College Journal, In Press

In new life, everybody begins to use a new technology and equipment to make his life easier and more comfortable. Especially with develops of electronics and communications engineering researches, so that it can control many house electronic devices and house protection by utilizing mobile technology, which implements by depending on the signal sent by mobile. This research is planned to design an open source to give easy way to use house controlling and protection system, which will be achieved by interfacing the Arduino microcontroller with GSM shield. This system is easy to use and manage home devices. This research puts method and the equipment which enable users to control their home devices using their cellular phone.

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